CHARLES HARTLEY, A FAMOUS DENTIST WHO DEVELOPED EUROPEAN ICE
Full Name: Charles George Hartley
Born: North Plains,
Michigan (USA) October 13,1883
Died: Los Angeles,California (USA) March 13,1960
Clubs: Brantford Ice Hockey
Varsity Dentals 1902-1903
College and Dental Team
Sport Club Dresden 1906-1912
Berliner Hockey Club 1908
Won Silver with Germany during the
European Championships 1910.
LIHG champion with Germany (Berliner SC) in
1912 & 1913. Silver 1914
German Champion (Berliner SC) 1913 &
Voted best forward during the 1910 European Championships.
Charles Hartley was a person full of life who became a
pioneer in several fields, including hockey
He was born in North Plains,MI (USA) but his parents soon
moved to Brantford,Ontario (Canada)
where his father Robert Hartley had a grocery store on the
corner at the intersection of King and Nelson street.
It was during the chilly winters in Brantford
that Dr.Hartley learned to skate and play hockey.
He had taken up the sport as a boy in order to strengthen his
ankles because they wobbled.
He started playing for the local Brantford C.I.
team in the late 1890's.
His first prominent achievements came when he
led the Royal College of Dental Surgery of Toronto University (Varsity
Dentals) to two consecutive intercollegiate championships of
Ontario in 1902 and 1903. At this point in his life Dr.Hartley
enrolled to dental school at the University of Chicago,Illinois. There
he continued to star for the local hockey team, the Chicago College of Dental
Surgery team (1904 and 1905). It was the first hockey team ever
assembled by Univ.of Chicago.
Dr.Hartley graduated from Chicago with
high marks and the faculty were so impressed by his work that they
recommended him for European studies to further improve in his profession. He
recieved telegrams from both Switzerland and Germany to study there.
Dr.Hartley finally decided to accept an offer from Dresden,Germany
(later Berlin). He was the assistant surgeon dentist for the German
royal court,including Friedrich August, King of Saxony and Kaiser Wilhelm
In USA Dr.Hartley pioneered the use of porcelain caps for
teeth instead of the glaring gold crowns
(Porcelain Jacket Crown Technic). He
moved to Los Angeles,California in 1917 and became the dentist for several
Hollywood movie stars in later years, some of them included Greta Garbo, Fred Astaire, Jimmy Stewart,
Samuel Goldwyn and his family, Gary Cooper, Oliver Hardy, and many
Hockey was still a big part of Dr.Hartley's life
when he arrived to Dresden. Before he went over to Europe he asked his
German collegues if they've heard about ice hockey. Years later Dr.Hartley
remembered this vividly:
"Imagine my surprise," Dr.Hartley said, "When my
first tentative investigation of the possibilities of hockey in Germany were
greeted with the assurance that they already knew all about hockey there.
what hockey ! They played eleven men a side (Bandy) and used a lacrosse
ball. The ice was approximately the same size and shape as an American football
field. The sticks were of about the same length as a mashie-niblick, and no one
dreamed of trying to carry the ball. They just batted it down the ice to the
Dr.Hartley began playing Bandy with ASC Dresden in 1906. When
he attempted to dribble the ball along in front of him. He was told that it
was illegal to hold the stick with two hands.
thought it was a shame that the Germans hadn't discovered the Canadian style of
ice hockey yet,so in 1907 he contacted a friend in Toronto (Dr. Bradley Wills
Linscott) and asked him to send over hockey sticks and pucks. When the
material arrived, Dr.Hartley distributed it among his German bandy friends.
He explained and demonstrated how Canadian ice hockey was
He instantly got a whole set of admirors, many of the bandy players
took a liking to the Canadian
version and soon teams were put together in
Germany to try the new sport.
Dr.Hartley played the game and tutored the
German students during his stay in both Dresden and Berlin.
A brief look
at Dr.Hartley's accomplishments for German and European icehockey gives us
indication of how important his work was to develope the sport in
Dr.Hartley was loaned to Berliner HC for an international
tournament that was held in Berlin between November 2-5,1908. This was
the first time the German teams played an international tournament with
puck and Canadian hockey sticks. In the first game Berliner HC lost to Princes'
IHC from London
1-3. Dr.Hartley scored Berlin's only goal and got great
reviews from the press for his exceptional quickness and ability to skate
through the opositions defense. He also got many appreciative applauds from the
On March 4-6,1909 Dr.Hartley led ASC Dresden to a victory in an
international tournament that had
six participating teams. His Dresden beat
Brussels IHC 5-3 in the final.
Once again Dr.Hartley was described as the
best player. He attacked lightingly quick and was
once again the crowd
favorite with the Berlin crowd.
Dr.Hartley's brilliance and dominance
continued during the European Championships held in
the beautiful Swiss
resort of Les Avants between January 10-12,1910.
Germany and was a replacement for a Canadian player by the name of
was sick). All the players except for Dr.Hartley were from Berliner
.Spearheaded by Dr.Hartley the Germans finished second
in the tournament.
Dr.Hartley was brilliant and was voted as the tournaments
best forward, this among some
very strong competition, including the elegant
players from Oxford Canadians.
A month later (February 9-11) Dr.Hartley
played with ASC Dresden in an international tournament
held in Berlin. His
team lost narrowly in the semifinal against Cercle des Patineurs de Paris
Once again Dr.Hartley was the shining star.
On December 5,1911
ASC Dresden beat their German archrivals Berliner SC 5-3.
Dr.Hartley in ASC
dazzled the crowd with fantastic stickhandling and perfect passes
teammates, setting up three goals scored by his countryman
On December 27,1911 Dr.Hartley played with Berliner SC in London
(vs Princes' IHC).
It was the first time a German team went on to play in
Four days later Dr.Hartley played an important role when
Germany (Berliner SC) finished second
in an international tournament held in
The tournament was just a warmup for the prestigious LIHG Championship
also held in Brussels
(March 20-23,1912). Dr.Hartley concentrated more on
defense in this tournament and largely thanks
to him he helped Germany beat
Oxford Canadians (9-8) for the first time ever, helping Germany to
first. Hartley scored two goals. This wasn't the only time Dr.Hartley helped
(Berliner SC) beat Oxford. They won on two more occasions and both
times Dr.Hartley was
the most dominant player on the ice.
The move to
Berlin from Dresden in 1912 gave Dr.Hartley a chance to play
games more frequently.
Berliner SC were delighted to have Dr.Hartley in
their lineup. His popularity soared after having
scored the game and
tournament winning goal in front of 3,000 people against the Prague team Ceska
Sportovni Spolecnost. That happened in a four-team international tournament held
in Prague between January 12-13,1913
A little more than a month later (February 22-24), Germany (Berliner SC) were
defending theirDr.Hartley left Germany for good with a consular party
LIHG title from the previous year. This time the tournament
was played in St.Moritz.
Dr.Hartley centered the best line of the tournament
and once again Germany were able to win.
In 1914 he was injured and could
only play one game as Germany finished second in the third
Dr.Hartley didn't just play, he also officiated many games
and was one of only three certified
German LIHG referees at that time. He for
example was a referee during the 1914 European championships. He also
played in the tournament, scoring a goal against Bohemia.
guided Berliner SC to their second consecutive German championship in 1914. A
feat that he first was part of in 1913. During his European stint he was a
willing instructor who spent most of his free time to show the Europeans the
fundementals of the sport.
Then because of World War I there wasn't much
hockey activity in Europe between 1915 and 1917.
It was a
great loss to German hockey. His teammates in Berliner SC were greatly
saddened by his departure from Germany. They paid a great tribute to him in
their yearbook when he left. Under his picture it said: "Unser Meisterlehrer"
(our Master Teacher), and that is exactly what Dr.Hartley was.
It wouldn't be
until 1926 that he returned to Germany to visit old friends.
once again returned to Germany in the early 1930's he was honoured with
and gifts from various European hockey associations, including
the German and Czechoslovakian.
It was their way to show their
appreciation for what he had done for the sport.
Dr.Hartley was not only
prominent in hockey but was also a keen golfer and won many titles
California as a pro member of the Los Angeles Country Club and Bel Air
Today many of his silver trophy cups resides in his childrens
According to Hans Samek, the "father of German Golf" it
was Dr.Hartley who learned him how to play the sport on Germany's only golf
course at that time. (only 9-holes).
Dr.Hartley also liked canoe-ing and in the Rhine region he was
nicknamed "Herr Schwartze".
It was because of his familiar black
hair, that would be seen when he was paddling down the river in a
Dr.Hartley was also a strong factor in the development of hockey in
California during the 1920's.
He was president of the Amateur Ice Hockey
Association of Southern California and later on he
coached University of
Southern California. He led them to several titles and a string of 36 undefeated
games between 1931-33.
Dr.Hartley was certainly a versatile man. He
had other hobbies like duck hunting and sculpturing for example. He was an
avid collector of objet d'art and used to spend his lunch breaks visiting the
artisans of the Meissen and Dresden factories where they taught him how to mix
the porcelains to get the colors that he needed for his dental work.
Dr.Hartley had a serious car accident in 1945. Cars back then didn't
have seat-belts and the
impact of the crash left Dr.Hartley with a severe
head injury.Several surgeries later, he
had become speech impaired and had
lost the use of his right arm and right leg.
In later years a brain tumor was discovered between the lobes of his
It was thought to have been caused by his many hockey
Today his two sons (Charles Jr. and Richard) and daughter
(Elizabeth) are still living in California,
mighty proud of their fathers
accomplishment as one of the true pioneers of German and
Biography compiled by:
© SIHSS 2004